Frequently asked questions
What Is an Afghan Rug?
Afghan rugs or carpets are hand woven rugs traditionally made in Northern and Western Afghanistan, primarily by nomadic Turkmen tribes.
Traditional Afghan carpets were made by nomadic tribal weavers who constantly travelled from one place to another, which means many of their looms were reasonably portable. This means the rug sizes of Afghan weavings are generally smaller, but large pieces are still made today.
What Are the Characteristics Of An Afghan Rug?
From all Persian rugs, Afghan rugs can easily be recognised by their geometric patterns and most prevalent is the “Afghan Bokhara.” Characterised by a Gül motif, these large, quartered octagons are generally displayed in columns or rows, framed within a border, and sometimes referred to as “elephant’s foot.”
Afghan rugs are similar in colour, design and weave to the tribal weavings of Central Asia. Depending on the weave, these carpets can range between being coarse and fine in quality, each of which takes many months or over a year to complete.
Each rug is woven to a specific design, whether it is one copied from an intricate design plate or one that is inspired by the weaver. Once each row of knots is complete, they are tied individually using different colours of wool to form patterns. Weft strands are then tightly woven between warp strands so that each knot is firmly fixed.
A rug can sometimes take many years to complete, ensuring each piece is an individual work of art of fine craftsmanship that is not only stunning but practical and extremely durable too.
Afghan carpets come in a variety of styles. In the northern region of the country, carpets are frequently knotted. Afghan refugees have also established their own production in Pakistan.
Common Designs: Geometric, Tribal, Turkoman
There is no question that Afghan rugs are some of the finest in the world today. Every piece is exclusively designed and unique, with its own individual colour scheme.
Many Afghan rugs feature traditional designs with bold, geometric and tribal patterns. These are then framed by thick borders surrounding all four sides of the rug and made up of contrasting patterns.
Common Colours: Red, Blue, Beige
Colour is an important element when choosing a large area rug. Deciding on the colour scheme for your rug is crucial for creating the right atmosphere in your space. A large rug lets you play with bold and subtle colours and patterns without overwhelming your space. Whether you go for a modern/contemporary piece or a more traditional /classic rug, there’s no wrong way.
The colour and style of the room determines the personality of the room. Dark, rich colours can make a space feel larger, warm and cheerful colours can add a cosy feel and cool pastel colours can add a feeling of calm. These days, people’s living spaces and work spaces are not just their “homes and work” but also lounging and social areas, entertainment centres and also family rooms. To make the most of these spaces, adding a large area rug can define seating areas and create visual interest.
Material: Wool, Cotton and Silk
There are felted handmade wool rugs, flat woven rugs and piled rugs knotted from wool, cotton and sometimes silk. Materials are made from self-produced wool from sheep and goats.
What Is The History Of Antique Afghan Rugs?
Afghanistan has a strong tradition of carpet knotting.
Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China and Pakistan are all neighbours in Central Asia. Sunni Muslims make up about 75% of the population. Native Afghans (Pashtun) and Turkmen tribes, the majority of whom came to Afghanistan in the 1920s, weaving rugs. Ersari, Tekke, Yomud and Sariq are among these tribes. In Afghanistan, the Baluchi and Uzbek peoples produce various rugs. Piled rug weaving is dominated by pieces with traditional geometric motifs.
Warfare hampered handmade rug manufacturing, marketing, and distribution. The majority of descriptions of rug production and marketing centres are based on pre-war Afghan realities. Farsi (local dialect Dari), Pashtun and Turkic are the most widely spoken Afghan languages. Afghanistan’s population is tribal, living in cities and villages. However, many nomads and seminomads continue to roam the nation, primarily working in agriculture, rearing livestock and herding sheep.
Why Choose London House Rugs?
We are rug experts at London House Rugs. We’ve spent more than four decades honing our craft and building long-term, ethical connections with weavers all across the East. A London House Rug has gone through rigorous sourcing, manufacturing and finishing processes to ensure its quality and beauty.
We have spent a lot of time in the Middle East seeking the greatest rugs and establishing long-term, ethical relationships with weaving cooperatives. In our store, we have a vast assortment of new and antique carpets in various sizes.
We collaborate with individuals and businesses to design, make and locate carpets for a variety of applications. Please take a look at some of our recent projects to get a sense of the wide range of services we provide, including everything from a single hearth rug for your own home to a hundred handcrafted carpets for a hotel rollout.