Karabagh Rugs

The Karabagh rug (or Karaja rug) is handmade in or near the village of Qarjeh (Karaja), in the Qareh Dgh (Karabagh), a small rural town located in the Azerbaijani region of northwestern Iran.

Karabagh rugs (also written Karabakh) were produced in the Karabagh area of the southern Caucasus highlands, which is now part of eastern Armenia and southwestern Azerbaijan, just north of the Iranian border. This is true of an Antique Karabagh rug.

Original name: قالی قره باغ

Alternative name(s): Karabakh, Karaja, Qarjeh Dgh, Qarabagh

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Origin: Iran (Karabakh – Now Armenia/Azerbeijan)

Karabakh is a landlocked territory shared between Armenia and Azerbaijan, once part of Iran.

Common Designs: Medallion, Geometric

The most well-known pattern of Karabagh Rugs features three geometric medallions that resemble those found in Caucasian carpets. The central one, an eight-pointed star, has a latch-hooked contour and is different from the other geometric motifs.

Medallions with s-like shapes and pictorial and realistic (French style, Aubusson and Savonnerie) flower motifs may be seen on Karabagh carpets, such as “eagle kazaks” and “cloudband kazaks”. These can still be classed as Persian designs.

Common colours: Red, Black, Blue

For the field, medallions, and borders, the Karabagh uses black, blue-black or pomegranate red.

Material: Wool, Cotton

The Eastern Karabagh region produces rugs with cotton wefts and pastel blue wool or cotton selvedges. Non-manufactured Karabagh carpets, on the whole, have a soft, high pile of up to 2 cm.

Karabagh Rug Characteristics

All of the rugs are made of wool and are knotted in a symmetrical pattern. Karaja runners are comparable to Karabagh runners, although they have a more Persian aspect. As an older Karabagh rug was made in the area that was once part of Iran, these Persian rugs have varied design traditions.

The History Of Antique Persian Karabagh Rugs

Rugs from Karabagh were among the most popular Caucasus exports to Europe.

These were the forerunners of what we now refer to as Antique Karabagh rugs from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This region was one of the world’s most important rug producing centres at the time. Armenians are considered to have woven a large portion of Karabagh’s rug output in the nineteenth century.

Rugs were traditionally woven in small workplaces or individual households in small villages where various ethnic groups lived at different points in history.

Woven carpets were major symbols of affluence, not just practical crafts, unlike many other rural villages. Weaving was regarded as a necessary skill for women, who began learning to weave at six and were expected to complete at least one piece as part of their dowry. Every month, each household was supposed to weave at least one rug.

Floral designs popular in French carpets began to be woven throughout the Caucasus, primarily in the Karabagh area.


At London House Rugs, we are rug specialists. We’ve spent over four decades perfecting our method and building long-term, ethical relationships with weavers throughout Asia. A London House Rug is subjected to rigorous sourcing, manufacturing, and finishing processes to assure quality and beauty.

We devote a significant effort to scouring the Middle East for the most exquisite carpets and building long-term ethical connections with weaving cooperatives. We have a large selection of new and vintage carpets in various sizes in our store.

We assist individuals and businesses in the design, production and location of carpets for various uses. Please see some of our recent projects to get an idea of the vast spectrum of services we provide, which vary from a single hearth rug for your own house to a hundred handcrafted carpets for a hotel rollout.

Because we have over 40 years of experience, we can assist you in selecting the best rug for your space.

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