Pakistani Rugs are renowned for their bold designs and durability with the following subcategories being the most well known:
The patterns are usually influenced by old Persian rugs, like Kashan and Kirman rugs or Isfahan rugs, featuring floral or plant-based designs.
Using a Ghiordes knot, Pakistani Bokhara rugs are woven in a variety of colours, ranging from classic reds and golds to vibrant greens, and feature geometric Tekke designs.
Woven with a Ghiordes knot, these Jaldar rugs have diamond-shaped gül motifs repeated in rows to create a design inspired by traditional Sarouk and Yamud designs from Pakistan.
Usually woven with handspun wool and vegetable dyes with both Senneh and Ghiordes knots, a Pak Gabbeh has similar characteristics to the Persian Gabbeh which showcase modern contemporary designs.
Chobi rugs are often referred to as Ziegler, Oushak or Peshawar rugs and are knotted using handspun wool dyed with natural ingredients, woven with Senneh knots. They tend to feature floral patterns.
Inspired by the traditional shawl designs of old Persia.
During the British rule, Lahore became a prominent weaving centre and many of the rugs made at that time are referred to as Lahore rugs.
A Dhurrie is a flatwoven rug traditionally made from wool and cotton throughout the majority of Pakistan.
Pakistani Rugs and Their History
These popular hand knotted Pakistani carpets and rugs are made by Afghan migrant workers residing in the area.
As far back as the eleventh century, the region comprising Pakistan was one of the first places to develop the art of weaving, well before many other civilisations. Some historians believe the Indus Valley civilization was the first to develop this art form.
Pakistani Rug Design
Over the centuries, Pakistani rug design has changed with the area in which they were woven and pattern preferences have been adapted to honour the requests of emperors ruling at the time.
Carpets woven in Punjab (often referred to as Lahore carpets) included motifs and decorative styles influenced by Mughal architecture.
As a result of the Mughals’ patronage, local craftsmen began adopting Persian techniques and designs.
Other motifs found on the majority of Pakistani rugs include güls, traceries, paisley, medallions as well as eye-catching geometric designs in a variety of combinations.
Pakistani Rug Material
These Pakistani carpets boast distinctive designs and high knot densities. In addition to their pile, the warp and weft are also often made of wool which is obtained from local sheep herds. The highest-quality wool comes from the sheep’s neck (also known as cork wool) and it is often still spun by hand today.
Pakistani Weaving Techniques
Pakistani rugs are traditionally made from a variety of wool weaving materials using spindles.