Gabbeh Rugs

Gabbeh carpets are made by the Ghashghai tribe of nomads in Iran’s Fars area. Gabbeh carpets are frequently imitated by Indian and Afghan weavers nowadays, owing to their widespread recognition and popularity.

Original name: فرش گبه

Alternative name(s): Loribaft, Sumak, Kaschkooli

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Origin: Iran (South)

The Ghashghai tribe, most closely linked with the weaving of Gabbeh rugs, are based in southern Iran, near Shiraz. However, other tribes like the Lurs, Kurds, and Bakhtiari also create these types of carpets often with playful and colourful design and simple patterns.

Common Designs: Geometric

Gabbeh is known in Kurdish and Luri as Gava, and in Bakhtiari as Khersak, which means raw or natural. The perfect name for these nomadic carpets, whose design language is reduced to the essentials of rich animal patterns .

They are traditionally used as a sleeping rug, with an abstract design that focuses on open fields of colour and geometric playfulness. Basic animal or plant motives, such as camels or trees, are frequently found on the carpet. These designs are inspired by the nomads’ daily environment.

The Gabbeh rugs have been tangled with tiny and huge, colourful fields for quite some time. This evolution is the result of European influence.

Common colours: Crimson, Ivory, Blue, Brown

Gabbeh carpets are distinguished by their large colour field and colourful animal motifs. They’re also known for their bold and brilliant colour choices.

Material: Wool, Cotton, Animal hair

Hand-spun wool is used as the base material, dyed with natural colours derived from plants and minerals.

Gabbeh Rugs can also have a hand knotted wool pile, knotted onto either wool warps or warps consisting of animal hair (sometimes even cotton warps).

Gabbeh Rug Characteristics

Gabbeh rugs’ patterns are simple and not overly detailed.

They are relatively thick, measuring up to 2.5 cm in thickness. Their designs are straightforward and uncomplicated. Nonetheless, traditional Gabbeh rugs are one of Iran’s most well-known nomadic carpets.

The History Of Antique Persian Gabbeh Rugs

In the late 19th-century, Gabbeh rugs were made by the tribal weavers who dwell in the magnificent Zagros Mountains. This mountain range (Iran’s most extensive) reaches about 15,000 feet and is frequently blanketed with snow.

Gholamreza Zollanvari began creating the carpets in larger quantities in the 1980s after the Iranian artist Parviz Tanavoli had experimented with vegetally dyed Gabbehs. He used Qashgayi and Luri weavers. The Zollanvari family’s increased output and the introduction of new patterns and rich colours significantly impacted European rug markets.


We are rug experts at London House Rugs. We’ve spent more than four decades perfecting our process and building long-term, ethical connections with weavers all around Asia. A London House Rug has undergone rigorous sourcing, manufacturing, and finishing techniques to assure quality and beauty.

We spend a lot of time searching for the most beautiful rugs in the Middle East and establishing long-term, ethical relationships with weaving cooperatives. In our store, we have a vast assortment of new traditional rugs and antique carpets in various sizes.

Individuals and businesses collaborate with us to design, manufacture and locate carpets for a variety of applications. Please take a look at some of our recent projects to get a sense of the wide range of services we provide, including everything from a single hearth rug for your own home to a hundred handcrafted carpets for a hotel rollout.

We can help you discover the ideal rug for your room from over 40 years of experience.

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